Tafawut: Year of Tolerance
In Islamic numerology, developed during the Abbasid era, where each letter is assigned a certain number between 1 and 1,000, it is said that the invocation of Bismillah equates to the number 786. This claim is hotly disputed by varying schools of thought across the Islamic world, but 786 has nevertheless evolved to have great significance to many Muslims. This is one of the stories that inspired Jessica Watson-Thorp as she began a personal exploration into the religion and that led her to create the largest piece in her current body of work, which went on display at a Dubai gallery this week.
Bismillah is a two-metre-long artwork created on raw linen with French ink. On it are 786 stars in violet, forest green, silver and pewter. The stars are created with hand-cut stencils, overlaid on each other in layers of fine tissue with each one numbered to track her process. It was an extremely labour-intensive technique and the result is a mesmerising constellation.
“It is not an exaggeration to say that doing the work and putting my heart into it, as well as many hours of research and practice has broadened my horizons. My work led me to seek more information on the spiritual life of many people living in UAE and as a result, it has made me more tolerant,” says the artist.
Bismillah hangs as part of Tafawut, a group exhibition at Showcase Gallery that places emphasis on Watson-Thorp’s work embracing the Year Of Tolerance. What started off as only a passing interest in the mysticism of Islam, turned into several months of conducting interviews with Muslims across Dubai to produce this series.
“The openness and acceptance of everyone I interviewed about this for my research has encouraged me to go deeper and deeper,” she explains.
Watson-Thorp is Australian, but has been living and working in the Gulf since 2003, when she moved to Bahrain, later settling in Dubai. Her art has evolved through many stages, but since exhibiting in the Sheikh Mohammed Centre for Cultural Understanding (SMCCU) three years ago, she stumbled on the details of Islam and began creating some pieces about her basic architectural studies on mosques.
“Abdullah Bin Eisa Al Serkal [SMCCU’s director and founder] came into the centre, saw my work and was immediately touched by it,” Watson-Thorp explains. “I found his tolerance of me as a westerner who is not Muslim but still interested in exploring his faith really motivational. This was right at the beginning of my journey, but thanks to his support and that of everyone else I spoke to, I have a new and deeper understanding of the faith.”
For the Showcase exhibition, Watson-Thorp has also created Athiri, a massive two-metre-square swirling image filled with light spaces indicating its ethereal nature, and Najima, a large and abstract star. The Ard series, made from reds and blues, is based around the story of Adam as told in the Quran.
“According to that story, God took dust from all corners of the earth to fashion Adam, and that is why we humans are so complex and are made of so many different elements – good, bad, soft, hard, all in one vessel. To me, these pieces embody tolerance because they show that we all have the same traits, so we must all be as tolerant as we can to one another.”
Watson-Thorp says that she feels her work has also acted as a conduit between different communities. As she conducted the interviews and read more, her non-Muslim friends and family also became interested. “I always found other people who were not from the Islamic faith being really drawn into the conversation and were as intrigued as I was,” she says. “So, in that way, my art has acted as a bridge and certainly helped to build understanding and tolerance.”
Also in the exhibition are other works that explore different aspects of Islam. Michelle Harvey’s intricate screen print on paper is based on her photograph of the Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque in Abu Dhabi, and is a study of the architectural significance of the place of worship. There is also a collective work by the Women of Chitral, a group of female artisans in Chitral, Pakistan. It consists of 3,000 hand-embroidered buttons depicting sets of eyes in the different positions during prayer and was made under the direction of Catherine Braid, an artist who studied textile design at Central Saint Martins in London.
Symbols of other major religions are featured, with Filipino artist Nathaniel Alapide presenting a magazine collage created from multiple images of Leonardo da Vinci’s Salvator Mundi; and Ragini Dewan, an Indian artist who has made a work from 108 panels representing the 108 mala beads used by Hindus and Buddhists for keeping count while reciting prayer chanting or repeating
Rounding off the exhibition is Wissam Shawkat’s calligraphic work, which spells out the word “love” in his graphic, stylised font. Shawkat’s lifelong craft in the proportion and malleable properties of his art has allowed him to create striking and contemporary pieces of calligraphy that are still legible. His World Of Love 2 is a circular pattern of classical red lettering, which depicts words of love, which is, after all, perhaps the single most powerful universal message of tolerance across the world.
Tafawut. January 14 - March 14. Showcase Gallery, Alserkal Avenue, Dubai